Policy & Practice
De-institutionalization was a big idea of policy makers and professionals of the 1950s and 1960s. What lay behind this shift in mental health policy, and who were the professional actors in this process?
Peer Support & Activism
Community living opened up the option - and the necessity - of former patients coming together, creating survivor / consumer support groups and finding common cause in activism and shared cultural expression.
The shift out of the institution brought both negative and positive responses from the larger community. Here, we demonstrate different ways in which support and social integration were crafted in the world outside the asylum.
Early De-institutionalization Cases
History can be a fascinating opportunity to ask, What if?, for a community mental health model is not unique to the late 20th century. In different times and situations, interested individuals have worked to develop community-based options.